Authorization, Authentication - setting the authenticity of a person gaining access to the system or its individual functions.
1) a file made up of several files using special programs. The most popular of them is TAR.
2) a file containing compressed files. For compression use programs such as ZIP, RAR, ARJ, etc.
3) site or section of the site containing a selection of materials on a particular topic, or files of a certain type. Collections of texts are often called libraries, graphic elements - galleries, collections of music - mp3-collections.
The account is a user's personal login to various Internet systems, consisting, as a rule, of a user name and password.
Active content - Web pages that contain links to programs that are downloaded and executed by browsers automatically.
Admin - A user with privileged access rights to the website, necessary for editing the site content
Ban - Slang expression of webmasters, derives from English ban - to forbid, means a way of punishing the search engine for using spamming techniques, which consists in prohibiting the site from indexing and removing it from the database. Whatever efforts were invested in the optimization of the site, after a ban, no visitor from this search engine will come. Recovery in the index is not guaranteed, usually requires personal correspondence with the developers and in any case takes a long time
Banner - an advertising block (graphic or text), used on the Internet to attract users to sites
Banner exchange network - a network that provides automatic exchange of banners between its participants
Browser - program for viewing NTML documents
Database - Database
Webmaster - specialist, providing the functioning of the site
Web server - a computer connected to the Internet, storing a set of programs necessary for the operation of sites
Web application - a set of static and dynamic web pages, i.e. pre-created pages and programs that create web pages in response to a user's request. We can assume that the site and the web application are identical concepts. A site consisting only of static html-pages is rarely called a web application.
Web programmer is a developer of web applications and other software for Internet sites.
A web page, an HTML page is what you see in your browser.
HTML, (Hyper Text Markup Language) - the language of markup of web pages. All web pages are implemented using this language.
Hyperlink is a selected object (text or image) of a Web page that establishes a link to another object. Allows you to navigate to another object in the WWW environment.
A dynamic web page is a web page that can have different content (that is, look different), depending on some of the parameters that you change (visitor, time, etc.). Each time you access a dynamic page, the web application re-creates this page using data from a database or other sources. The resulting web page is sent to the user. The simplest example is the main page of the search engine site. Obviously, if you searched one set of keywords, you will see one page, if different, then the other, although these pages are located at the same address (for example, yandex.ru).
Domain name, Domain is a unique identifier assigned to a specific IP address. The domain name allows you to access the computer by the name of type www.company.com, instead of remembering its numerical equivalent
Internet marketing - marketing activities aimed at increasing attendance and promotion of sites
Internet service - a service received by users through the Internet
Interface - External visual part of the program, directly addressed to the user
The index is a giant information array where the text components of all visited and indexed by the robot HTML pages and text files are transformed in a special way. The robot not only replenishes the array with new receipts, but also regularly updates already existing documents in the indexes
Indexing - automatic lexical analysis and analysis of text materials of the site, produced by special programs (search robots), with the purpose of making a list of used words and expressions. Next, this list is used when searching information in various Internet resources at the user's request
IP address - A 32-bit number used to identify a host on global computer networks running IPv4. Distinguish between the network and the host part of the IP-address
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) - the language of creating styles that define the appearance of elements
Content - content of Internet sites
Logo is a graphic original sign of the company, allowing to identify its or its products (consists of a graphic image, an inscription or a combination thereof)
Moderator - responsible for moderation, that is, for the behavior of readers in news or echo conferences, Internet sites, which has the right to punish and encourage other users in places of communication in accordance with the rules of this community, and is responsible for the order in the entire forum (chat) or its parts. Punishment, as a rule, is of two types: warning and deactivation (prohibition to use the forum / chat). There are also moderators of directories and search engines, whose task is to monitor the absence of pornographic websites, cheaters, and so on in the lists of sites. There are also postal system moderators whose main task is to combat email spammers
Moderation, Moderation - control over information posted by users on Internet sites
Meta tags are special instructions for the search engine that are in the text of the pages, but are not displayed to the user in the browser. The most common meta tags are Keywords and Description. The first includes a list of keywords to which the page corresponds, and the second - its brief annotation. Modern search engines do not attach serious importance to meta tags when ranking pages
Navigation - ways to navigate the site
Online - the designation of everything that is on the web
Optimizing graphics - the maximum reduction in the size of image files while maintaining their acceptable quality. Used to ensure high speed of loading web pages
Offline - denotes everything outside the network
Icon - a small image on the video screen, serving for associative perception of some object: file, program, etc.
Provider - hosting company
Promoter - a person or organization that promotes the website on the Internet
Promotion - a set of measures for advertising a resource (banner advertising, offline advertising, registration in catalogs and search engines, search for advertising partners, etc.)
The indexing process is the production of the search for specified resources by the search agent (in the document description, headings, sometimes viewing the text of the document, selecting keywords and phrases)
Software - Software
Portal - an Internet site, which is a collection of the most popular services and information on a specific topic
Portfolio - a collection of works of the performer
Monitor resolution is determined by the number of pixels (pixels) per width and height of the screen. To see what resolution of the monitor is installed, it is necessary to right-click on the empty screen (that is, with all minimized windows), select "Properties", and in the opened window - the "Settings" tab.
Runet - Russian Internet. Usually, this term is used to denote the set of sites that are in the domain zone.ru. In connection with the development of national domain zones, it can also identify a number of sites for which Russian is the main language, or one of the main ones. In a broader sense, it means not only the sites themselves, but also the technical means (servers, channels, etc.) used to support them, as well as people, in one way or another associated with them-administrators, employees of companies supporting sites, users
Domain name registration is the assignment of a specific domain name to the user by entering the appropriate information into the organization's registration database that coordinates the distribution of domain names
Relevance of the site - the degree of correspondence of the site text with the word or expression specified as a key when searching for information. Used by search engines to determine the order in which search results are output
Relevance document - the criterion for selecting information on how fully a particular document meets the conditions specified in the user's request
Redirect - automatic redirection of a user from one address to another. Used to get a more attractive address on the Internet
Script - programs that form web pages. Usually, scripts are used to compose web pages, which should change rapidly depending on the user's actions. Depending on the workplace of the program scripts are server and client.
Remote publication system - a system that functions to create and host HTML documents from remote computers
Content management system (CMS - Content Management System) - a system that provides management of a site, portal, information complex, or a part thereof. It also controls access and protection of the object from unauthorized intrusion
Spam - sending out a message (most often - advertising or commercial content) to a large number of recipients for whom this message is undesirable, or to a multitude of lists and newsgroups whose subject matter does not correspond to the content of the message. Fairly considered a serious violation of etiquette and rules for the use of computer networks
1) Computer on which the files of the website are stored, designed to handle requests via the Internet
2) The program complex of this computer, directly processing requests and issuing the final documents to the browser
Network is a commonly used Internet name
Static page - a web page once created by the author and remaining in this form permanently.
The visit counter is a small program running on the server side and counting the number of hits to this page. As a rule, this page contains a graphical representation of the number of visits. It is used mainly to find out the number of users visiting the page, and for the purpose of advertising
CRM (Customer Relationship Management) - a system for automating customer relationship management. CRM is a concept aimed at building a sustainable business and a business strategy based on a "client-oriented" approach. The main task of CRM-systems is to increase the efficiency of business processes aimed at attracting and retaining clients - in marketing, sales, service and maintenance. The modern concept of CRM treats sales not as a separate act carried out by a specific seller with a specific buyer, but as an ongoing process in which every employee of the company is involved
Traffic - the amount of information received and sent
Title - Content tag title. Displayed as the title of the browser window when the page is displayed and as the title of the page found in the search results
Tag - a separate command in hypertext markup languages
A frame is part of a web page based on frames. The ideology of frames resembles operating system windows tied to one place on the web page - the user can change any of the windows, while the rest remain unchanged. Frames are designed for sites with complex navigation; It is not recommended to use them in other cases. Because of the features of the frame structure, they are inconvenient for search engine robots
Host - the IP address of the visitor, first recorded by a web server or statistical service for a certain period of time (days, hours). One unique visitor can count as one host (if he has an IP address assigned to him only), not be considered a host at all (if the IP address is assigned to a group of users, for example, behind a proxy server with which several users access in Internet, and this address has already been recorded visits) or count for several hosts (if the IP is allocated to the user dynamically, say, when accessed through a dialup connection)
Hosting - the physical location of the site on the disk space of a specialized computer. This computer will receive requests from browsers whose address line contains the IP address or domain name of this site
Hoster, Host-provider - an organization professionally engaged in providing hosting services
Chat - a program module for Internet communication in real time mode
Usability - ergonomics, ease of use of the site from the point of view of the average user